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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Publications

Found 6 results
Title [ Year(Asc)]
Filters: Author is Tani, Akira  [Clear All Filters]
2010
[Tani2010] Tani, A., S. Tobe, and S. Shimizu, "Uptake of methacrolein and methyl vinyl ketone by tree saplings and implications for forest atmosphere", Environmental science & technology, vol. 44, no. 18: ACS Publications, pp. 7096–7101, 2010.
Link: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es1017569
Abstract
Methacrolein (MACR) and methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) are oxygenates produced from isoprene which is abundantly emitted by trees. The uptake rate of these compounds by leaves of three different Quercus species, Q. acutissima, Q. myrsinaefolia, and Q. phillyraeoides, at typical concentrations within a forest (several part per billion by volume) were determined. The rates of uptake of croton aldehyde (CA) and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) were also investigated for comparison. The rates of uptake of the two aldehydes MACR and CA were found to be higher than those of the two ketones. In particular, the rate of MEK uptake for Q. myrsinaefolia was exceptionally low. The ratio of intercellular to fumigated concentrations, Ci/Ca, for MACR and CA was found to be low (0−0.24), while the ratio for the two ketones was 0.22−0.90. To evaluate the contribution of tree uptake as a sink for the two isoprene-oxygenates within the forest canopy, loss rates of the compounds due to uptake by trees and by reactions with hydroxyl radicals (OH radicals) and O3 were calculated. The loss rate by tree uptake was the highest, followed by the reaction with OH radicals, even at a high OH concentration (0.15 pptv) both for MACR and MVK, suggesting that tree uptake provides a significant sink.
2009
[Tani2009] Tani, A., and N. C Hewitt, "Uptake of aldehydes and ketones at typical indoor concentrations by houseplants", Environmental science & technology, vol. 43, no. 21: ACS Publications, pp. 8338–8343, 2009.
Link: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es9020316
Abstract
The uptake rates of low-molecular weight aldehydes and ketones by peace lily (Spathiphyllum clevelandii) and golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) leaves at typical indoor ambient concentrations (101−102 ppbv) were determined. The C3−C6 aldehydes and C4−C6 ketones were taken up by the plant leaves, but the C3 ketone acetone was not. The uptake rate normalized to the ambient concentration Ca ranged from 7 to 19 mmol m−2 s−1 and from 2 to 7 mmol m−2 s−1 for the aldehydes and ketones, respectively. Longer-term fumigation results revealed that the total uptake amounts were 30−100 times as much as the amounts dissolved in the leaf, suggesting that volatile organic carbons are metabolized in the leaf and/or translocated through the petiole. The ratio of the intercellular concentration to the external (ambient) concentration (Ci/Ca) was significantly lower for most aldehydes than for most ketones. In particular, a linear unsaturated aldehyde, crotonaldehyde, had a Ci/Ca ratio of 0, probably because of its highest solubility in water.
2007
[Tani2007] Tani, A., S. Kato, Y. Kajii, M. Wilkinson, S. Owen, and N. Hewitt, "A proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry based system for determining plant uptake of volatile organic compounds", Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 8: Elsevier, pp. 1736–1746, 2007.
Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231006010454
Abstract
In order to evaluate the contribution that higher plants make to the removal of volatile organic compounds from the atmosphere, a measurement system consisting of a proton transfer reaction mass spectrometer (PTR-MS), CO2 analyzer, diffusion devise and leaf enclosure was established. The uptake of VOCs by Golden Pothos (Epipremnum aureum) was investigated. The overall relative error associated with measurements made using this system was <2.2% when a Golden Pothos leaf was exposed to 75–750 ppbv of methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK). Even at the lowest MIBK concentration, more than 2.2% of the inflowing VOC was lost to the leaf, representing a detectable and positive MIBK uptake rate by the plant. The results of the investigation were compared with a measurement system based on gas chromatography analysis and it was shown that the use of a PTR-MS based system can significantly increase the certainties in determining the rate of VOC uptake by plants.
2004
[Tani2004] Tani, A., S. Hayward, A. Hansel, and N. C Hewitt, "Effect of water vapour pressure on monoterpene measurements using proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS)", International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 239, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 161–169, 2004.
Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1387380604003495
Abstract
The effects of water vapour pressure (WVP) on the fragmentation of seven monoterpene and related C10 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the drift tube of a proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) were investigated. In addition, the combined effects of varying WVP and the ratios of electric field strength to number density of the buffer gas (E/N) were investigated in detail for three of these compounds, the monoterpenes α-pinene and sabinene plus the related C10 VOC p-cymene. Under normal operating conditions (E/N = 124 Td), WVP affected the fragment patterns of all compounds with the exception of β-pinene and the three oxygenated C10 VOCs. WVP had a significant effect on the fragment patterns of α-pinene and sabinene at the lower E/N ratios (around 80 Td) but had little effect on fragmentation towards the higher E/N ratios used here (∼142 Td). On the other hand, p-cymene fragmentation was most affected by WVP under normal operating conditions. PTR-MS sensitivity towards the three compounds was also considered under three conditions where reaction was assumed with (1) H3O+ only; (2) H3O+ and H3O+H2O; and (3) H3O+, H3O+H2O and H3O+(H2O)2. Our results indicate that α-pinene and sabinene react not only with H3O+ and H3O+H2O via direct proton transfer but also with H3O+(H2O)2 via ligand switching. p-Cymene seems to react only with H3O+ via direct proton transfer and with H3O+H2O via ligand switching. It is speculated that the WVP effect on fragmentation results from the differing abundances of hydrated reagent ions which causes different frequencies of individual reactions to occur, thus, determining how ‘soft’ the overall reaction is. These results also indicate that under normal conditions, a correction should be made for WVP if the concentration of p-cymene in air samples is to be determined from the single ion signal of either protonated molecular ions or the most dominant fragment ions.
[Hayward2004] Hayward, S., A. Tani, S. M. Owen, and N. C Hewitt, "Online analysis of volatile organic compound emissions from Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis).", Tree Physiol, vol. 24, no. 7: Institute of Environmental and Natural Sciences, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, U.K., pp. 721–728, Jul, 2004.
Link: http://treephys.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/7/721.short
Abstract
Volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Bong.) growing in a range of controlled light and temperature regimes were monitored online with a proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) operating at a temporal resolution of approximately 1 min. Isoprene emissions accounted for an average of more than 70% of measured VOCs and up to 3.5% of assimilated carbon. Emission rates (E) for isoprene correlated closely with photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) and temperature, showing saturation at a PPF of between 300 and 400 micromol m(-2) s(-1) and a maximum between 35 and 38 degrees C. Under standard conditions of 30 degrees C and 1000 micromol m(-2) s(-1) PPF, the mean isoprene E was 13 microg gdm(-1) h(-1), considerably higher than previously observed in this species. Mean E for acetaldehyde, methanol and monoterpenes at 30 degrees C were 0.37, 0.78 and 2.97 microg gdm(-1) h(-1), respectively. In response to a sudden light to dark transition, isoprene E decreased exponentially by > 98% over about 3 h; however, during the first 7 min, this otherwise steady decay was temporarily but immediately depressed to approximately 40% of the pre-darkness rate, before rallying during the following 7 min to rejoin the general downward trajectory of the exponential decay. The sudden sharp fall in isoprene E was mirrored by a burst in acetaldehyde E. The acetaldehyde E maximum coincided with the isoprene E minimum (7 min post-illumination), and ceased when isoprene emissions resumed their exponential decay. The causes of, and linkages between, these phenomena were investigated.
2003
[Tani2003] Tani, A., S. Hayward, and CN. Hewitt, "Measurement of monoterpenes and related compounds by proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS)", International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 223: Elsevier, pp. 561–578, 2003.
Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1387380602008801
Abstract
The reactions of monoterpenes and related C10 compounds with H3O+ in a proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) were studied, with a view to better understanding the signal produced by this instrument when detecting these compounds. The monoterpenes α- and β-pinene, 3-carene and limonene produced fragment ions of masses 67, 81 and 95 as well as a protonated molecular ion of mass 137, while p-cymene (C10H14) produced ions of masses 41, 91, 93 and 119 in addition to mass 135. The fragmentation patterns were observed to vary as E/N was varied. Camphor (C10H16O) did not fragment within the E/N range 80–120 Td. The proton transfer reaction rate coefficients for these monoterpene species with H3O+ were found to be 2.2×10−9 to 2.5×10−9 cm3 s−1. For camphor the rate coefficient was 4.4×10−9 cm3 s−1. Water vapour pressure in the inlet air affected the fragmentation pattern for p-cymene, limonene and 3-carene. The uncertainties associated with the PTR-MS measurement of these compounds are discussed.

Featured Articles

Download Contributions to the International Conference on Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications:

 

Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).
Link

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.
Link

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.
Link

 

Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics

 

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