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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Found 5 results
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Filters: Author is Biasioli, F.  [Clear All Filters]
[1765] Peinado, I.., M.. Mason, A.. Romano, F.. Biasioli, and M.. Scampicchio, "Stability of beta-carotene in polyethylene oxide electrospun nanofibers", Applied Surface Science, vol. 370, pp. 111–116, May, 2016.
<p>b-carotene (bc) was successfully incorporated into electrospun nanofibers of poly-(ethylene oxide) (PEO)with the aim of prolonging its shelf life and thermal stability. The physical and thermal properties of the bc-PEO-nanofibers were determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), color analysis, and differ-ential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The nanofibers of PEO and bc-PEO exhibited average fiber diameters of320 &plusmn; 46 and 230 &plusmn; 21 nm, with colorimetric coordinates L* = 95.7 &plusmn; 2.4 and 89.4 &plusmn; 4.6 and b* = &minus;0.5 &plusmn; 0.1and 6.2 &plusmn; 3.0 respectively. Thermogravimetric analysis coupled with Proton Transfer&ndash;Mass Spectroscopy(TGA/PTR-MS) demonstrated that coated bc inside PEO nanofibers increased thermal stability when compared to standard bc in powder form. In addition, b-carotene in the membranes showed higher stabilityduring storage when compared with b-carotene in solution with a decrease in concentration of 57 &plusmn; 4%and 70 &plusmn; 2% respectively, thus should extend the shelf life of this compound. Also, TGA coupled withPTR&ndash;MS resulted in a promising technique to online-monitoring thermal degradation.</p>
[1714] Bergamaschi, M.., F.. Biasioli, L.. Cappellin, A.. Cecchinato, C.. Cipolat-Gotet, A.. Cornu, F.. Gasperi, B.. Martin, and G.. Bittante, "Proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry: A high-throughput and innovative method to study the influence of dairy system and cow characteristics on the volatile compound fingerprint of cheeses.", J Dairy Sci, vol. 98, pp. 8414–8427, Dec, 2015.
<p>The aim of this work was to study the effect of dairy system and individual cow-related factors on the volatile fingerprint of a large number of individual model cheeses analyzed by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry (PTR-ToF-MS). A total of 1,075 model cheeses were produced using milk samples collected from individual Brown Swiss cows reared in 72 herds located in mountainous areas of Trento province (Italy). The herds belonged to 5 main dairy systems ranging from traditional to modern and the cows presented different daily milk yields (24.6&plusmn;7.9kg &times; d(-1)), stages of lactation (199&plusmn;138 d in milk), and parities (2.7&plusmn;1.8). The PTR-ToF-MS revealed 619 peaks, of which the 240 most intense were analyzed, and 61 of these were tentatively attributed to relevant volatile organic compounds on the basis of their fragmentation patterns and data from the literature. Principal component analysis was used to convert the multiple responses characterizing the PTR-ToF-MS spectra into 5 synthetic variables representing 62% of the total information. These principal components were related to groups of volatile compounds tentatively attributed to different peaks and used to investigate the relationship of the volatile compound profile obtained by PTR-ToF-MS to animal and farm characteristics. Lactation stage is related to 4 principal components which brought together 52.9% of the total variance and 57.9% of the area of analyzed peaks. In particular, 2 principal components were positively related to peaks tentatively attributed to aldehydes and ketones and negatively related to alcohols, esters, and acids, which displayed a linear increase during lactation. The second principal component was affected by dairy system; it was higher in the modern system in which cows received total mixed rations. The third principal component was positively related to daily milk production. In summary, we report the first application of this innovative, high-throughput technique to study the effects of dairy system and individual animal factors on volatile organic compounds of model cheeses. Individual cheesemaking procedures together with this spectrometric technique open new avenues for genetic selection of dairy species with respect to both milk and cheese quality.</p>
[1697] del Pulgar}, J.. {Sánchez, A.. I. Carrapiso, R.. Reina, F.. Biasioli, and C.. García, "Effect of IGF-II genotype and pig rearing system on the final characteristics of dry-cured Iberian hams.", Meat Sci, vol. 95, pp. 586–592, Nov, 2013.
<p>The effect of the IGF-II genotype (AG vs. GG) on the morphological and compositional parameters, the fatty acid composition of intramuscular fat, the odour concentration (analysed by dynamic olfactometry) and the volatile compound profile (analysed by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry) of dry-cured Iberian ham was studied for the first time, and compared to the effect of pig rearing system (high-oleic concentrated feed vs. acorn and grass). The IGF-II genotype had no effect on most variables. However, it influenced the concentration of some odorants (methanethiol and octanal), although it did not affect odour concentration. Conversely, the rearing system had a significant effect on a large number of ham variables. Results indicate a negligible effect of the IGF-II genotype on the final ham quality and confirm that the rearing system has a marked effect.</p>
[SanchezdelPulgar2013] del Pulgar}, J.. {Sánchez, C.. Soukoulis, A.. I. Carrapiso, L.. Cappellin, P.. Granitto, E.. Aprea, A.. Romano, F.. Gasperi, and F.. Biasioli, "Effect of the pig rearing system on the final volatile profile of Iberian dry-cured ham as detected by PTR-ToF-MS.", Meat Sci, vol. 93, no. 3: IASMA Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, Food Quality and Nutrition Department, Via E. Mach, 1, 38010S. Michele a/A, Italy., pp. 420–428, Mar, 2013.
The volatile compound profile of dry-cured Iberian ham lean and subcutaneous fat from pigs fattened outdoors on acorn and pasture (Montanera) or on high-oleic concentrated feed (Campo) was investigated by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry. In addition to the usual proton transfer ionization the novel switchable reagent ions system was implemented which allows the use of different precursor ions (H(3)O(+), NO(+) and O(2)(+)). The analysis of the lean and subcutaneous fat volatile compounds allowed a good sample discrimination according to the diet. Differences were evident for several classes of compounds: in particular, Montanera hams showed higher concentrations of aldehydes and ketones and lower concentrations of sulfur-containing compounds compared to Campo hams. The use of NO(+) as precursor ion confirmed the results obtained with H(3)O(+) in terms of classification capability and provides additional analytical insights.
[Biasioli2009a] Biasioli, F.., E.. Aprea, F.. Gasperi, and T.. D. Maerk, "Measuring odour emission and biofilter efficiency in composting plants by proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry.", Water Sci Technol, vol. 59, no. 7: Agrifood Quality Department, FEM-IASMA Research Centre, Via E. Mach, San Michele all'Adige (TN) 1-38010, Italy., pp. 1263–1269, 2009.
PTR-MS (Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry) is an innovative technique that allows the rapid detection of most volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with high sensitivity (sub-ppb) and by direct injection. We describe here the possible use of PTR-MS in waste managements and composting plants both for the real time monitoring of volatile emissions and, after calibration with olfactometric assessments, for the instrumental determination of odour concentration. Beside a short description of the technique, we will report on the calibration of PTR-MS data with olfactometric assessment of odour concentration showing the possibility of a relatively good estimation of odour concentration by instrumental data. We will also show how the rapid PTR-MS fingerprint can be used to visualise the overall effect of a biofilter on the VOCs concentration and to calculate the reduction of the concentration of single masses and, finally, we will provide examples of the performances of a new implementation of this technique based on a time of flight (TOF) analyser. Instead of the usual quadrupole mass filter, the TOF provides an increase of analytical information and the possibility to separate important compounds that in the quadrupole version were not or only indirectly quantifiable. In conclusion we suggest that PTR-MS analysis can be a valuable tool for the rapid and on site monitoring of odour emission and plant operation.

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Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.


Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics


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