"Effect of IGF-II genotype and pig rearing system on the final characteristics of dry-cured Iberian hams.",
, vol. 95, pp. 586–592, Nov, 2013.
<p>The effect of the IGF-II genotype (AG vs. GG) on the morphological and compositional parameters, the fatty acid composition of intramuscular fat, the odour concentration (analysed by dynamic olfactometry) and the volatile compound profile (analysed by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry) of dry-cured Iberian ham was studied for the first time, and compared to the effect of pig rearing system (high-oleic concentrated feed vs. acorn and grass). The IGF-II genotype had no effect on most variables. However, it influenced the concentration of some odorants (methanethiol and octanal), although it did not affect odour concentration. Conversely, the rearing system had a significant effect on a large number of ham variables. Results indicate a negligible effect of the IGF-II genotype on the final ham quality and confirm that the rearing system has a marked effect.</p>
[SanchezdelPulgar2013] "Effect of the pig rearing system on the final volatile profile of Iberian dry-cured ham as detected by PTR-ToF-MS.",
, vol. 93, no. 3: IASMA Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, Food Quality and Nutrition Department, Via E. Mach, 1, 38010S. Michele a/A, Italy., pp. 420–428, Mar, 2013.
The volatile compound profile of dry-cured Iberian ham lean and subcutaneous fat from pigs fattened outdoors on acorn and pasture (Montanera) or on high-oleic concentrated feed (Campo) was investigated by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry. In addition to the usual proton transfer ionization the novel switchable reagent ions system was implemented which allows the use of different precursor ions (H(3)O(+), NO(+) and O(2)(+)). The analysis of the lean and subcutaneous fat volatile compounds allowed a good sample discrimination according to the diet. Differences were evident for several classes of compounds: in particular, Montanera hams showed higher concentrations of aldehydes and ketones and lower concentrations of sulfur-containing compounds compared to Campo hams. The use of NO(+) as precursor ion confirmed the results obtained with H(3)O(+) in terms of classification capability and provides additional analytical insights.