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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Found 4 results
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Filters: First Letter Of Title is E and Author is Liu, Dezhao  [Clear All Filters]
[1601] Liu, D., M. Marie Løkke, A. Leegaard Riis, K. Mortensen, and A. Feilberg, "Evaluation of clay aggregate biotrickling filters for treatment of gaseous emissions from intensive pig production.", J Environ Manage, vol. 136, pp. 1–8, Apr, 2014.
<p>Treatment of ventilation air from livestock production by biological airfiltration has emerged as a cost-effective technology for reduction of emissions of odorants and ammonia. Volatile sulfur compounds from livestock production include H2S and methanethiol, which have been identified as potentially important odorants that are not removed sufficiently by biological air filters. Light-expanded clay aggregates (Leca(&reg;)) is a biotrickling filter material that contains iron oxides, which can oxidize H2S and methanethiol, and thus potentially may help to remove these two compounds in biological air filters. This study used on-line PTR-MS measurements to investigate the performances of two Leca(&reg;) biotrickling filters (abraded Leca(&reg;) filter and untreated Leca(&reg;) filter) for removal of odorants and ammonia emitted from an experimental pig house. The results indicated that the abraded Leca(&reg;) filter had a similar or slightly better capability for removing odorants than the untreated Leca(&reg;) filter. This may be due to the enlargement of the surface area by the friction process. The volatile sulfur compounds, however, were not removed efficiently by either of the two Leca(&reg;) filters. Kinetic analysis of a ventilation controlled experiment during the first period indicated that Grau second-order kinetics could be applied to analyze the removal of sulfur compounds and other odorants, whereas the Stover-Kincannon model could only be applied to analyze the removal of odorants other than sulfur compounds, partly due to the limitation of mass transfer of these compounds in the biotrickling filters. In the last measurement period, a production of dimethyl disulfide and dimethyltrisulfide coinciding with strongly enhanced removal of methanethiol was observed for the untreated filter. This was assumed to be enhanced by an incidence of low local air velocity in the filter and indicated involvement of iron-catalyzed reactions in the removal of sulfur compounds.</p>
[Nyord2013] Nyord, T., D. Liu, J. Eriksen, and A. Peter S. Adamsen, "Effect of acidification and soil injection of animal slurry on ammonia and odour emission", , 2013.
Laboratory and field experiments examined ammonia (NH3) emissions after application of slurry on packed soil or fields. Acidified slurry reduced NH3 emissions significantly, and the greatest effect was obtained by lowering the pH from 7.8 to 6.8. The field trial demonstrated two acidification techniques to lower the slurry pH with good reduction of NH3 emission. NH3 emission was at the same level with soil injection of un-acidified slurry as acidified slurry applied by trailing hoses. In addition, we tested the development of some odorous compounds by covering the fields after application of un-treated or treated slurry with static chambers and measured the development of some odorous compound by proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS).
[Liu2011] Liu, D., A. Feilberg, A. P. S. Adamsen, and K. E. N. Jonassen, "The effect of slurry treatment including ozonation on odorant reduction measured by in-situ PTR-MS", Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 23: Elsevier, pp. 3786–3793, 2011.
The emission of odorous compounds from intensive pig production facilities is a nuisance for neighbors. Slurry ozonation for odor abatement has previously been demonstrated in laboratory scale. In this study, the effect of slurry ozonation (combined with solid–liquid pre-separation and acidification) on emissions of odorous compounds was tested in an experimental full-scale growing pig facility using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) for online analysis of odorants. The measurements were performed to gain a better understanding of the effects of ozone treatment on emissions odorous compounds and to identify potential options for optimization of ozone treatment. The compounds monitored included volatile sulfur compounds, amine, carboxylic acids, ketones, phenols and indoles. Measurements were performed during nearly a one-month period in summertime. The compounds with the highest concentrations observed in the ventilation exhaust duct were acetic acid, hydrogen sulfide, propanoic acid and butanoic acid. The compounds with the highest removal efficiencies were hydrogen sulfide, 3-methyl-indole, phenol and acetic acid. Based on odor threshold values, methanethiol, butanoic acid, 4-methylphenol, hydrogen sulfide and C5 carboxylic acids are estimated to contribute significantly to the odor nuisance. Emissions of odorous compounds were observed to be strongly correlated with temperature with the exception of hydrogen sulfide. Emission peaks of sulfur compounds were seen during slurry handling activities. Discharging of the slurry pit led to reduced hydrogen sulfide emissions, but emissions of most other odorants were not affected. The results indicate that emissions of odorants other than hydrogen sulfide mainly originate from sources other than the treated slurry, which limits the potential for further optimization. The PTR-MS measurements are demonstrated to provide a quantitative, accurate and detailed evaluation of ozone treatment for emission reduction.
[Feilberg2010b] Feilberg, A., A. Peter S. Adamsen, D. Liu, M. Jørgen Hansen, and P. Bildsøe, "Effects of air Exchange, Temperature and slurry management on odorant Emissions from pig Production units and slurry tanks studied by Proton-Transfer-Reaction mass spectometry (PTR-MS)", World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR), 2010.

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Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.


Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics


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