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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Found 3 results
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Filters: Author is Schwarz, Konrad  [Clear All Filters]
[Bajtarevic2009] Bajtarevic, A., C. Ager, M. Pienz, M. Klieber, K. Schwarz, M. Ligor, T. Ligor, W. Filipiak, H. Denz, M. Fiegl, et al., "Noninvasive detection of lung cancer by analysis of exhaled breath.", BMC Cancer, vol. 9: Department of Operative Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria., pp. 348, 2009.
{Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death in Europe and the western world. At present, diagnosis of lung cancer very often happens late in the course of the disease since inexpensive, non-invasive and sufficiently sensitive and specific screening methods are not available. Even though the CT diagnostic methods are good, it must be assured that "screening benefit outweighs risk, across all individuals screened, not only those with lung cancer". An early non-invasive diagnosis of lung cancer would improve prognosis and enlarge treatment options. Analysis of exhaled breath would be an ideal diagnostic method, since it is non-invasive and totally painless.Exhaled breath and inhaled room air samples were analyzed using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) and solid phase microextraction with subsequent gas chromatography mass spectrometry (SPME-GCMS). For the PTR-MS measurements, 220 lung cancer patients and 441 healthy volunteers were recruited. For the GCMS measurements, we collected samples from 65 lung cancer patients and 31 healthy volunteers. Lung cancer patients were in different disease stages and under treatment with different regimes. Mixed expiratory and indoor air samples were collected in Tedlar bags, and either analyzed directly by PTR-MS or transferred to glass vials and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS). Only those measurements of compounds were considered, which showed at least a 15% higher concentration in exhaled breath than in indoor air. Compounds related to smoking behavior such as acetonitrile and benzene were not used to differentiate between lung cancer patients and healthy volunteers.Isoprene, acetone and methanol are compounds appearing in everybody's exhaled breath. These three main compounds of exhaled breath show slightly lower concentrations in lung cancer patients as compared to healthy volunteers (p < 0.01 for isoprene and acetone
[Kushch2008] Kushch, I., K. Schwarz, L. Schwentner, B. Baumann, A. Dzien, A. Schmid, K. Unterkofler, G. Gastl, P. Span?l, D. Smith, et al., "Compounds enhanced in a mass spectrometric profile of smokers' exhaled breath versus non-smokers as determined in a pilot study using PTR-MS.", J Breath Res, vol. 2, no. 2: Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria. Breath Research Unit of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Dammstrasse 22, A-6850 Dornbirn, Austria., pp. 026002, Jun, 2008.
{A pilot study has been carried out to define typical characteristics of the trace gas compounds in exhaled breath of non-smokers and smokers to assist interpretation of breath analysis data from patients who smoke with respiratory diseases and lung cancer. Exhaled breath was analyzed using proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) for 370 volunteers (81 smokers, 210 non-smokers, 79 ex-smokers). Volatile organic compounds corresponding to product ions at seven mass-to-charge ratios (m/z 28, 42, 69, 79, 93, 97, 123) in the PTR-MS spectra differentiated between smokers and non-smokers. The Youden index (= maximum of sensitivity + specificity - 1, YI) as a measure for differentiation between smokers and non-smokers was YI = 0.43 for ions at the m/z values 28 (tentatively identified as HCN)
[Arendacka2008] Arendacká, B., K. Schwarz, S. Stolc, G. Wimmer, and V. Witkovský, "Variability issues in determining the concentration of isoprene in human breath by PTR-MS.", J Breath Res, vol. 2, no. 3: Institute of Measurement Science, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia., pp. 037007, Sep, 2008.
This paper deals with variability issues connected with the proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) measurements of isoprene concentration. We focus on isoprene as an abundant and widely studied compound in human breath. The variability caused by the measurement process is described by the within-sample distribution. Thus, based on the formula for computing isoprene concentration that reflects the principle of the PTR-MS, a theoretical model for the within-sample distribution of isoprene concentration is suggested. This model, which assumes that the distribution is proportional to a quotient of two independent Poisson-distributed random variables, is then confronted with empirical distributions obtained from 17 breath samples collected from a healthy individual within a month. (In each sample, isoprene concentration was determined 97 times.) The empirical within-sample distributions are also compared to normal and log-normal distributions. While those seem to be satisfactory approximations, the theoretical model is found suitable only in 10 out of 17 breath samples. We also comment on the stability of samples during the measurement process in the PTR-MS instrument and, for the sake of comparison, determine the within-sample and the within-subject variability of isoprene concentrations in our data. The respective geometric standard deviations are 1.01 and 1.29.

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Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.


Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics


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