[Nyord2013] "Effect of acidification and soil injection of animal slurry on ammonia and odour emission",
Laboratory and field experiments examined ammonia (NH3) emissions after application of slurry on packed soil or fields. Acidified slurry reduced NH3 emissions significantly, and the greatest effect was obtained by lowering the pH from 7.8 to 6.8. The field trial demonstrated two acidification techniques to lower the slurry pH with good reduction of NH3 emission. NH3 emission was at the same level with soil injection of un-acidified slurry as acidified slurry applied by trailing hoses. In addition, we tested the development of some odorous compounds by covering the fields after application of un-treated or treated slurry with static chambers and measured the development of some odorous compound by proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS).
[Hansen2013] "Recovery of Odorants from an Olfactometer Measured by Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry",
, vol. 13, no. 6: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, pp. 7860–7871, 2013.
The aim of the present study was to examine the recovery of odorants during the dilution in an olfactometer designed according to the European standard for dynamic olfactometry. Nine odorants in the ppmv-range were examined including hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol, dimethyl sulfide, acetic acid, propanoic acid, butanoic acid, trimethylamine, 3-methylphenol and n-butanol. Each odorant was diluted in six dilution steps in descending order from 4,096 to 128 times dilutions. The final recovery of dimethyl sulfide and n-butanol after a 60-second pulse was only slightly affected by the dilution, whereas the recoveries of the other odorants were significantly affected by the dilution. The final recoveries of carboxylic acids, trimethylamine and 3-methylphenol were affected by the pulse duration and the signals did not reach stable levels within the 60-second pulse, while sulfur compounds and n-butanol reach a stable signal within a few seconds. In conclusion, the dilution of odorants in an olfactometer has a high impact on the recovery of odorants and when olfactometry is used to estimate the odor concentration, the recoveries have to be taken into consideration for correct measurements.