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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Found 4 results
Title [ Year(Asc)]
Filters: Author is Ammann, C  [Clear All Filters]
[Ammann2006] Ammann, C., A. Brunner, C. Spirig, and A. Neftel, "Technical note: Water vapour concentration and flux measurements with PTR-MS", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 12: Copernicus GmbH, pp. 4643–4651, 2006.
[Spirig2005] Spirig, C., A. Neftel, C. Ammann, J. Dommen, W. Grabmer, A. Thielmann, A. Schaub, J. Beauchamp, A. Wisthaler, A. Hansel, et al., "Eddy covariance flux measurements of biogenic VOCs during ECHO 2003 using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 465–481, 2005.
Within the framework of the AFO 2000 project ECHO, two PTR-MS instruments were operated in combination with sonic anemometers to determine biogenic VOC fluxes from a mixed deciduous forest site in North-Western Germany. The measurement site was characterised by a forest of inhomogeneous composition, complex canopy structure, limited extension in certain wind directions and frequent calm wind conditions during night time. The eddy covariance (EC) technique was applied since it represents the most direct flux measurement approach on the canopy scale and is, therefore, least susceptible to these non-ideal conditions. A specific flux calculation method was used to account for the sequential multi-component PTR-MS measurements and allowing an individual delay time adjustment as well as a rigorous quality control based on cospectral analysis. The validated flux results are consistent with light and temperature dependent emissions of isoprene and monoterpenes from this forest, with average daytime emissions of 0.94 and 0.3µg m-2s-1, respectively. Emissions of methanol reached on average 0.087µg m-2s-1 during daytime, but fluxes were too small to be detected during night time. Upward fluxes of the isoprene oxidation products methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) and methacrolein (MACR) were also found, being two orders of magnitude lower than those of isoprene. Calculations with an analytical footprint model indicate that the observed isoprene fluxes correlate with the fraction of oaks within the footprints of the flux measurement.
[Ammann2004] Ammann, C., C. Spirig, A. Neftel, M. Steinbacher, M. Komenda, and A. Schaub, "Application of PTR-MS for measurements of biogenic VOC in a deciduous forest", International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 239, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 87–101, 2004.
The vegetation–atmosphere-exchange is an important process controlling the atmospheric concentration of various volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that play a major role in atmospheric chemistry. However, the quantification of VOC exchange on the ecosystem scale is still an analytical challenge. In the present study we tested and applied a proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry system (PTR-MS) for the measurement of biogenic VOCs in a mixed deciduous forest. VOC concentrations were calculated from the raw instrument signals based on physical principles. This method allows a consistent quantification also of compounds for which regular calibration with a gas standard is not available. It requires a regular and careful investigation of the mass-dependent ion detection characteristics of the PTR-MS, which otherwise could become a considerable error source. The PTR-MS method was tested in the laboratory for a range of oxygenated and non-oxygenated VOCs using a permeation source. The agreement was within 16% or better, which is well within the expected uncertainty. During the field measurement campaign in a deciduous forest stand, an on-line intercomparison with a state-of-the-art gas-chromatography system showed a generally good agreement. However, the relatively low ambient VOC concentrations revealed some systematic difference for acetone and isoprene, that may indicate an error in the determination of the PTR-MS offset or an interference of an unidentified isobaric compound on the detected ion mass. With the presentation of selected field results, we demonstrate the ability of the PTR-MS system to measure continuous vertical concentration profiles of biogenic VOCs throughout a forest canopy at a time resolution of 20 min. The resulting datasets provide valuable information for the study of the interactions between emission, photochemical transformation and transport processes within and above the forest canopy.
[Steinbacher2004] Steinbacher, M., J. Dommen, C. Ammann, C. Spirig, A. Neftel, and ASH. Prevot, "Performance characteristics of a proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) derived from laboratory and field measurements", International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 239, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 117–128, 2004.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play an important role in the formation of ozone and aerosols in the atmosphere. In an increasing number of field campaigns the proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) has proven to be a useful and fast tool for measuring VOCs and studying the relevant atmospheric processes. This work describes laboratory and field measurements with two different versions of the PTR-MS and presents important instrument specific features. The temperature stabilization and the change of the gasket material in the newer version significantly improved the performance of the instrument, as demonstrated by periodical background measurements under field conditions. The investigation of the mass discrimination illustrated the necessity of an elaborate verification. The humidity dependence of benzene was substantially lower than in former studies, which used higher drift tube pressures, but it is still higher than predicted by a simple dimer/monomer equilibrium model. An instrument comparison with a fluorescent technique was performed for formaldehyde and showed differences between pure formaldehyde calibration gases and complex ambient air samples. An intercomparison of two PTR-MSs measuring ambient air yielded satisfactory results after calibration for most of the considered masses. Comparing PTR-MS and gas chromatograph measurements of aromatic compounds, revealed a good agreement for conditions of fresh anthropogenic emissions. In photochemically aged air, many masses detected by the PTR-MS are not only influenced by anthropogenically and biogenically emitted but also oxidized VOCs.

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Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.


Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics


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