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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Publications

Found 3 results
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Filters: Author is Dommen, J  [Clear All Filters]
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A
[Mueller2012] Müller, M., M. Graus, A. Wisthaler, A. Hansel, A. Metzger, J. Dommen, and U. Baltensperger, "Analysis of high mass resolution PTR-TOF mass spectra from 1, 3, 5-trimethylbenzene (TMB) environmental chamber experiments", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 12, no. 2: Copernicus GmbH, pp. 829–843, 2012.
Link: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/829/
Abstract
A series of 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (TMB) photo-oxidation experiments was performed in the 27-m3 Paul Scherrer Institute environmental chamber under various NOx conditions. A University of Innsbruck prototype high resolution Proton Transfer Reaction Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (PTR-TOF) was used for measurements of gas and particulate phase organics. The gas phase mass spectrum displayed  200 ion signals during the TMB photo-oxidation experiments. Molecular formulas CmHnNoOp were determined and ion signals were separated and grouped according to their C, O and N numbers. This allowed to determine the time evolution of the O:C ratio and of the average carbon oxidation state OSC of the reaction mixture. Both quantities were compared with master chemical mechanism (MCMv3.1) simulations. The O:C ratio in the particle phase was about twice the O:C ratio in the gas phase. Average carbon oxidation states of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) samples OSCSOA were in the range of −0.34 to −0.31, in agreement with expected average carbon oxidation states of fresh SOA (OSC = −0.5–0).
E
[Spirig2005] Spirig, C., A. Neftel, C. Ammann, J. Dommen, W. Grabmer, A. Thielmann, A. Schaub, J. Beauchamp, A. Wisthaler, A. Hansel, et al., "Eddy covariance flux measurements of biogenic VOCs during ECHO 2003 using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 465–481, 2005.
Link: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00295614/
Abstract
Within the framework of the AFO 2000 project ECHO, two PTR-MS instruments were operated in combination with sonic anemometers to determine biogenic VOC fluxes from a mixed deciduous forest site in North-Western Germany. The measurement site was characterised by a forest of inhomogeneous composition, complex canopy structure, limited extension in certain wind directions and frequent calm wind conditions during night time. The eddy covariance (EC) technique was applied since it represents the most direct flux measurement approach on the canopy scale and is, therefore, least susceptible to these non-ideal conditions. A specific flux calculation method was used to account for the sequential multi-component PTR-MS measurements and allowing an individual delay time adjustment as well as a rigorous quality control based on cospectral analysis. The validated flux results are consistent with light and temperature dependent emissions of isoprene and monoterpenes from this forest, with average daytime emissions of 0.94 and 0.3µg m-2s-1, respectively. Emissions of methanol reached on average 0.087µg m-2s-1 during daytime, but fluxes were too small to be detected during night time. Upward fluxes of the isoprene oxidation products methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) and methacrolein (MACR) were also found, being two orders of magnitude lower than those of isoprene. Calculations with an analytical footprint model indicate that the observed isoprene fluxes correlate with the fraction of oaks within the footprints of the flux measurement.
P
[Steinbacher2004] Steinbacher, M., J. Dommen, C. Ammann, C. Spirig, A. Neftel, and ASH. Prevot, "Performance characteristics of a proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) derived from laboratory and field measurements", International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 239, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 117–128, 2004.
Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1387380604003434
Abstract
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play an important role in the formation of ozone and aerosols in the atmosphere. In an increasing number of field campaigns the proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) has proven to be a useful and fast tool for measuring VOCs and studying the relevant atmospheric processes. This work describes laboratory and field measurements with two different versions of the PTR-MS and presents important instrument specific features. The temperature stabilization and the change of the gasket material in the newer version significantly improved the performance of the instrument, as demonstrated by periodical background measurements under field conditions. The investigation of the mass discrimination illustrated the necessity of an elaborate verification. The humidity dependence of benzene was substantially lower than in former studies, which used higher drift tube pressures, but it is still higher than predicted by a simple dimer/monomer equilibrium model. An instrument comparison with a fluorescent technique was performed for formaldehyde and showed differences between pure formaldehyde calibration gases and complex ambient air samples. An intercomparison of two PTR-MSs measuring ambient air yielded satisfactory results after calibration for most of the considered masses. Comparing PTR-MS and gas chromatograph measurements of aromatic compounds, revealed a good agreement for conditions of fresh anthropogenic emissions. In photochemically aged air, many masses detected by the PTR-MS are not only influenced by anthropogenically and biogenically emitted but also oxidized VOCs.

Featured Articles

Download Contributions to the International Conference on Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications:

 

Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).
Link

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.
Link

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.
Link

 

Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics

 

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