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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Found 6 results
Title [ Year(Asc)]
Filters: Author is SCHNITZLER, JÖRG-PETER  [Clear All Filters]
[1600] Kreuzwieser, J., U. Scheerer, J. Kruse, T. Burzlaff, A. Honsel, S. Alfarraj, P. Georgiev, JÖRG-PETER. SCHNITZLER, A. Ghirardo, I. Kreuzer, et al., "The Venus flytrap attracts insects by the release of volatile organic compounds.", J Exp Bot, vol. 65, pp. 755–766, Feb, 2014.
<p>Does Dionaea muscipula, the Venus flytrap, use a particular mechanism to attract animal prey? This question was raised by Charles Darwin 140 years ago, but it remains unanswered. This study tested the hypothesis that Dionaea releases volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to allure prey insects. For this purpose, olfactory choice bioassays were performed to elucidate if Dionaea attracts Drosophila melanogaster. The VOCs emitted by the plant were further analysed by GC-MS and proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS). The bioassays documented that Drosophila was strongly attracted by the carnivorous plant. Over 60 VOCs, including terpenes, benzenoids, and aliphatics, were emitted by Dionaea, predominantly in the light. This work further tested whether attraction of animal prey is affected by the nutritional status of the plant. For this purpose, Dionaea plants were fed with insect biomass to improve plant N status. However, although such feeding altered the VOC emission pattern by reducing terpene release, the attraction of Drosophila was not affected. From these results it is concluded that Dionaea attracts insects on the basis of food smell mimicry because the scent released has strong similarity to the bouquet of fruits and plant flowers. Such a volatile blend is emitted to attract insects searching for food to visit the deadly capture organ of the Venus flytrap.</p>
[Ghirardo2010] Ghirardo, A., K. Koch, R. Taipale, I. Zimmer, JÖRG-PETER. SCHNITZLER, and J. Rinne, "Determination of de novo and pool emissions of terpenes from four common boreal/alpine trees by 13CO2 labelling and PTR-MS analysis", Plant, Cell & Environment, vol. 33, no. 5: Wiley Online Library, pp. 781–792, 2010.
Boreal forests emit a large amount of monoterpenes into the atmosphere. Traditionally these emissions are assumed to originate as evaporation from large storage pools. Thus, their diurnal cycle would depend mostly on temperature. However, there is indication that a significant part of the monoterpene emission would originate directly from de novo synthesis. By applying 13CO2 fumigation and analyzing the isotope fractions with proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) and classical GC-MS, we determined the fractions of monoterpene emissions originating from de novo biosynthesis in Pinus sylvestris (58%), Picea abies (33.5%), Larix decidua (9.8%) and Betula pendula (100%). Application of the observed split between de novo and pool emissions from P. sylvestris in a hybrid emission algorithm resulted in a better description of ecosystem scale monoterpene emissions from a boreal Scots pine forest stand.
[Tholl2006] Tholl, D., W. Boland, A. Hansel, F. Loreto, U. Röse, SR, and JÖRG-PETER. SCHNITZLER, "Practical approaches to plant volatile analysis", The Plant Journal, vol. 45, no. 4: Wiley Online Library, pp. 540–560, 2006.
Plants emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that play important roles in their interaction with the environment and have a major impact on atmospheric chemistry. The development of static and dynamic techniques for headspace collection of volatiles in combination with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis has significantly improved our understanding of the biosynthesis and ecology of plant VOCs. Advances in automated analysis of VOCs have allowed the monitoring of fast changes in VOC emissions and facilitated in vivo studies of VOC biosynthesis. This review presents an overview of methods for the analysis of plant VOCs, including their advantages and disadvantages, with a focus on the latest technical developments. It provides guidance on how to select appropriate instrumentation and protocols for biochemical, physiological and ecologically relevant applications. These include headspace analyses of plant VOCs emitted by the whole organism, organs or enzymes as well as advanced on-line analysis methods for simultaneous measurements of VOC emissions with other physiological parameters.
[Schnitzler2004] SCHNITZLER, JÖRG-PETER., M. Graus, J. Kreuzwieser, U. Heizmann, H. Rennenberg, A. Wisthaler, and A. Hansel, "Contribution of different carbon sources to isoprene biosynthesis in poplar leaves", Plant Physiology, vol. 135, no. 1: Am Soc Plant Biol, pp. 152–160, 2004.
This study was performed to test if alternative carbon sources besides recently photosynthetically fixed CO2 are used for isoprene formation in the leaves of young poplar (Populus × canescens) trees. In a 13CO2 atmosphere under steady state conditions, only about 75% of isoprene became 13C labeled within minutes. A considerable part of the unlabeled carbon may be derived from xylem transported carbohydrates, as may be shown by feeding leaves with [U-13C]Glc. As a consequence of this treatment approximately 8% to 10% of the carbon emitted as isoprene was 13C labeled. In order to identify further carbon sources, poplar leaves were depleted of leaf internal carbon pools and the carbon pools were refilled with 13C labeled carbon by exposure to 13CO2. Results from this treatment showed that about 30% of isoprene carbon became 13C labeled, clearly suggesting that, in addition to xylem transported carbon and CO2, leaf internal carbon pools, e.g. starch, are used for isoprene formation. This use was even increased when net assimilation was reduced, for example by abscisic acid application. The data provide clear evidence of a dynamic exchange of carbon between different cellular precursors for isoprene biosynthesis, and an increasing importance of these alternative carbon pools under conditions of limited photosynthesis. Feeding [1,2-13C]Glc and [3-13C]Glc to leaves via the xylem suggested that alternative carbon sources are probably derived from cytosolic pyruvate/phosphoenolpyruvate equivalents and incorporated into isoprene according to the predicted cleavage of the 3-C position of pyruvate during the initial step of the plastidic deoxyxylulose-5-phosphate pathway.
[Graus2004] Graus, M., JÖRG-PETER. SCHNITZLER, A. Hansel, C. Cojocariu, H. Rennenberg, A. Wisthaler, and J. Kreuzwieser, "Transient release of oxygenated volatile organic compounds during light-dark transitions in grey poplar leaves", Plant Physiology, vol. 135, no. 4: American Society of Plant Biologists, pp. 1967–1975, 2004.
In this study, we investigated the prompt release of acetaldehyde and other oxygenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from leaves of Grey poplar [Populus x canescens (Aiton) Smith] following light-dark transitions. Mass scans utilizing the extremely fast and sensitive proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry technique revealed the following temporal pattern after light-dark transitions: hexenal was emitted first, followed by acetaldehyde and other C6-VOCs. Under anoxic conditions, acetaldehyde was the only compound released after switching off the light. This clearly indicated that hexenal and other C6-VOCs were released from the lipoxygenase reaction taking place during light-dark transitions under aerobic conditions. Experiments with enzyme inhibitors that artificially increased cytosolic pyruvate demonstrated that the acetaldehyde burst after light-dark transition could not be explained by the recently suggested pyruvate overflow mechanism. The simulation of light fleck situations in the canopy by exposing leaves to alternating light-dark and dark-light transitions or fast changes from high to low photosynthetic photon flux density showed that this process is of minor importance for acetaldehyde emission into the Earth's atmosphere.
[Kreuzwieser2002] Kreuzwieser, J., M. Graus, A. Wisthaler, A. Hansel, H. Rennenberg, and JÖRG-PETER. SCHNITZLER, "Xylem-transported glucose as an additional carbon source for leaf isoprene formation in Quercus robur", New Phytologist, vol. 156, no. 2: Wiley Online Library, pp. 171–178, 2002.
In order to test whether xylem-transported carbohydrates are a potential source for isoprene biosynthesis, [U- 13 C]-labelled α- d -glucose was fed via cut ends of stems into the xylem of Quercus robur seedlings and the incorporation of 13 C into isoprene emitted was studied. Emission of 13 C-labelled isoprene was monitored in real time by proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS). A rapid incorporation of 13 C from xylem-fed glucose into single (mass 70) and double (mass 71) 13 C-labelled isoprene molecules was observed after a lag phase of approx. 5–10 min. This incorporation was temperature dependent and was highest (up to 13% 13 C of total carbon emitted as isoprene) at the temperature optimum of isoprene emission (40–42°C), when net assimilation was strongly reduced.   Fast dark-to-light transitions led to a strong single or double 13 C-labelling of isoprene from xylem-fed [U-13C]glucose. During a period of 10–15 min up to 86% of all isoprene molecules became single or double 13 C-labelled, resulting in a 13 C-portion of up to 27% of total carbon emitted as isoprene.   The results provide evidence that xylem-transported glucose or its degradation products can potentially be used as additional precursors for isoprene biosynthesis and that this carbon source becomes more important under conditions of limited photosynthesis.

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Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.


Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics


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