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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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Found 9 results
Title [ Year(Asc)]
Filters: Author is Holzinger, Rupert  [Clear All Filters]
[1505] Bouvier-Brown, N. C., R. Holzinger, K. Palitzsch, and A. H. Goldstein, "Large emissions of sesquiterpenes and methyl chavicol quantified from branch enclosure measurements", Atmospheric Environment, vol. 43, pp. 389–401, Jan, 2009.
<p>Multiple field studies have suggested chemistry within a forest canopy is poorly understood due to inadequate detection and quantification of reactive biogenic emissions, such as terpenes. To measure emission rates of terpenes at Blodgett Forest, a coniferous forest in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, we placed enclosures over branches of the dominant species at the site &ndash; Ponderosa pine, manzanita, and ceanothus &ndash; in the summer of 2005. Zero air, with ambient CO2 concentrations, flowed through the chamber system and volatile organic compound (VOC) emission measurements were made by proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS), solid phase microextraction (SPME) on fibers followed by direct injection into a gas chromatograph with an ion trap mass spectrometer (GC-ITMS), and by in situ GC with a flame ionization detector (GC-FID). We show that previously undetected sesquiterpenes and methyl chavicol significantly contribute to the total reactive biogenic emission profile from this field site.</p>
[Bouvier-Brown2007] Bouvier-Brown, N. C., R. Holzinger, K. Palitzsch, and A. H. Goldstein, "Quantifying sesquiterpene and oxygenated terpene emissions from live vegetation using solid-phase microextraction fibers.", J Chromatogr A, vol. 1161, no. 1-2: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA., pp. 113–120, Aug, 2007.
Biogenic terpenes play important roles in ecosystem functioning and atmospheric chemistry. Some of these compounds are semi-volatile and highly reactive, such as sesquiterpenes and oxygenated terpenes, and are thus difficult to quantify using traditional air sampling and analysis methods. We developed an alternative approach to quantify emissions from live branches using a flow through enclosure and sample collection on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fibers. This method allows for collection and analysis of analytes with minimal sample transfer through tubing to reduce the potential for losses. We characterized performance characteristics for 65 microm polydimethylsiloxane-divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB) fibers using gas chromatography followed by mass spectrometry and optimized experimental conditions and procedures for field collections followed by laboratory analysis. Using 10-45 min sampling times and linear calibration curves created from mixtures of terpenes, emissions of methyl chavicol, an oxygenated terpene, and an array of sesquiterpenes were quantified from a Ponderosa pine branch. The detection limit was 4.36 pmol/mol (ppt) for methyl chavicol and 16.6 ppt for beta-caryophyllene. Concentrations determined with SPME fibers agreed with measurements made using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) within the estimated error of the method for well calibrated compounds. This technique can be applied for quantification of biogenic oxygenated terpene and sesquiterpene emissions from live branches in the field.
[Shaw2007] Shaw, S. L., F. M. Mitloehner, W. Jackson, E. J. Depeters, J. G. Fadel, P. H. Robinson, R. Holzinger, and A. H. Goldstein, "Volatile organic compound emissions from dairy cows and their waste as measured by proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry.", Environ Sci Technol, vol. 41, no. 4: Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, Hilgard Hall, Berkeley, California 94720, USA., pp. 1310–1316, Feb, 2007.
California dairies house approximately 1.8 million lactating and 1.5 million dry cows and heifers. State air regulatory agencies view these dairies as a major air pollutant source, but emissions data are sparse, particularly for volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The objective of this work was to determine VOC emissions from lactating and dry dairy cows and their waste using an environmental chamber. Carbon dioxide and methane were measured to provide context for the VOCs. VOCs were measured by proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS). The compounds with highest fluxes when cows plus waste were present were methanol, acetone + propanal, dimethylsulfide, and m/z 109 (likely 4-methyl-phenol). The compounds with highest fluxes from fresh waste (urine and feces) were methanol, m/z 109, and m/z 60 (likely trimethylamine). Ethanol fluxes are reported qualitatively, and several VOCs that were likely emitted (formaldehyde, methylamine, dimethylamine) were not detectable by PTR-MS. The sum of reactive VOC fluxes measured when cows were present was a factor of 6-10 less than estimates historically used for regulatory purposes. In addition, ozone formation potentials of the dominant VOCs were -10% those of typical combustion or biogenic VOCs. Thus dairy cattle have a comparatively small impact on ozone formation per VOC mass emitted.
[Gouw2004] de Gouw, J., C. Warneke, R. Holzinger, T. Klüpfel, and J. Williams, "Inter-comparison between airborne measurements of methanol, acetonitrile and acetone using two differently configured PTR-MS instruments", International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 239, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 129–137, 2004.
Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) has emerged as a useful tool to study the atmospheric chemistry of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The technique combines a fast response time with a low detection limit, and allows atmospheric measurements of many important VOCs and their oxidation products. Here, we inter-compare the results obtained with two differently configured PTR-MS instruments operated onboard a Falcon aircraft during the Mediterranean Intensive Oxidants Study (MINOS) campaign in the Mediterranean region. One PTR-MS was operated at a drift tube pressure of 2.3 mbar and an electric field divided by gas number density value (E/N) of 120 Td for the detection of VOCs and aromatic hydrocarbons. The other PTR-MS was operated at an increased pressure of 2.8 mbar and a reduced E/N of 97 Td for the detection of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN). As a consequence, more H3O+(H2O)n cluster ions were present in the drift tube, which undergo proton-transfer reactions with VOCs similar to H3O+ ions. The results for methanol (CH3OH), acetonitrile (CH3CN) and acetone (CH3COCH3) obtained with the instruments compared very well. The agreement between the two results was relatively independent of the ambient mixing ratio of water, which influences the H3O+(H2O)n cluster ion distribution, and of ozone, which has been implicated in the artificial formation of aldehydes and ketones.
[Williams2004] Williams, J., R. Holzinger, V. Gros, X. Xu, E. Atlas, and D. W. R. Wallace, "Measurements of organic species in air and seawater from the tropical Atlantic", Geophysical research letters, vol. 31, no. 23: Wiley Online Library, 2004.
A West -East crossing of the Tropical Atlantic during Meteor cruise 55 included measurements of organic species within the atmospheric marine boundary layer and the upper ocean. Acetone, methanol, acetonitrile and DMS were measured between 10–0°N and 35°W–5°E, on either side of the ITCZ. Methanol and acetone concentrations were higher in the northern hemisphere, both in surface seawater and the atmosphere whereas acetonitrile and DMS showed no significant interhemispheric gradient. Three depth profiles from 0–200 m for these species were measured. Acetone, methanol, DMS and acetonitrile generally decreased with depth with the sharpest decrease in concentration in all profiles being found at the bottom of the mixed layer. The average air mixing ratios and surface seawater concentrations for the whole dataset are respectively: acetone 0.53 nmol/mol and 17.6 nmol/L; acetonitrile 0.11 nmol/mol and 6.19 nmol/L; methanol 0.89 nmol/mol and 118.4 nmol/L; and DMS 0.05 nmol/mol and 1.66 nmol/L.
[Holzinger2001a] Holzinger, R., A. Jordan, A. Hansel, and W. Lindinger, "Automobile emissions of acetonitrile: Assessment of its contribution to the global source", Journal of atmospheric chemistry, vol. 38, no. 2: Springer, pp. 187–193, 2001.
[Holzinger2001] Holzinger, R., A. Jordan, A. Hansel, and W. Lindinger, "Methanol measurements in the lower troposphere near Innsbruck (047° 16 N; 011° 24 E), Austria", Atmospheric Environment, vol. 35, no. 14: Elsevier, pp. 2525–2532, 2001.
[Holzinger1999] Holzinger, R., C. Warneke, A. Hansel, A. Jordan, W. Lindinger, D. H. Scharffe, G. Schade, and P. J. Crutzen, "Biomass burning as a source of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, methanol, acetone, acetonitrile, and hydrogen cyanide", Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 26, no. 8: Wiley Online Library, pp. 1161–1164, 1999.
[Jordan1997] Jordan, A., A. Hansel, C. WARNECKE, R. Holzinger, P. Prazeller, W. Vogel, and W. Lindinger, ""On-line" Spurengasanalyse im ppt-Bereich und ihre Anwendungen auf Gebieten der Medizin, Lebensmittelforschung und Luftqualität", , no. 84: Ber. Verein Innsbruck, pp. 7-17, 1997.

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Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.


Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics


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