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Scientific Articles - PTR-MS Bibliography

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[Mielke2008] Mielke, L. H., D. E. Erickson, S. A. McLuckey, M. Müller, A. Wisthaler, A. Hansel, and P. B. Shepson, "Development of a proton-transfer reaction-linear ion trap mass spectrometer for quantitative determination of volatile organic compounds.", Anal Chem, vol. 80, no. 21: Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, 860 Oval Drive West, Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2084, USA., pp. 8171–8177, Nov, 2008.
Currently, proton-transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) allows for quantitative determination of volatile organic compounds in real time at concentrations in the low ppt range, but cannot differentiate isomers or isobaric molecules, using the conventional quadrupole mass filter. Here we pursue the application of linear quadrupole ion trap (LIT) mass spectrometry in combination with proton-transfer reaction chemical ionization to provide the advantages of specificity from MS/MS. A commercial PTR-MS platform composed of a quadrupole mass filter with the addition of end cap electrodes enabled the mass filter to operate as a linear ion trap. The rf drive electronics were adapted to enable the application of dipolar excitation to opposing rods, for collision-induced dissociation (CID) of trapped ions. This adaptation enabled ion isolation, ion activation, and mass analysis. The utility of the PTR-LIT was demonstrated by distinguishing between the isomeric isoprene oxidation pair, methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) and methacrolein (MACR). The CID voltage was adjusted to maximize the m/ z 41 to 43 fragment ratio of MACR while still maintaining adequate sensitivity. Linear calibration curves for MVK and MACR fragments at m/ z 41 and 43 were obtained with limits of detection of approximately 100 ppt, which should enable ambient measurements. Finally, the PTR-LIT method was compared to an established GC/MS method by quantifying MVK and MACR production during a smog chamber isoprene-NO x irradiation experiment.
[Mielke2010] Mielke, L. H., K. A. Pratt, P. B. Shepson, S. A. McLuckey, A. Wisthaler, and A. Hansel, "Quantitative determination of biogenic volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere using proton-transfer reaction linear ion trap mass spectrometry.", Anal Chem, vol. 82, no. 19: Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA., pp. 7952–7957, Oct, 2010.
Although oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) plays an important role in tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol production, significant uncertainties remain in our understanding of the impacts of BVOCs on ozone, aerosols, and climate. To quantify BVOCs, the proton-transfer reaction linear ion trap (PTR-LIT) mass spectrometer was previously developed. The PTR-LIT represents an improvement over more traditional techniques (including the proton-transfer reaction mass spectrometer), providing the capability to directly quantify and differentiate isomeric compounds by MS/MS analysis, with better time resolution and minimal sample handling, compared to gas chromatography techniques. Herein, we present results from the first field deployment of the PTR-LIT. During the Program for Research on Oxidants: Photochemistry, Emissions and Transport (PROPHET) summer 2008 study in northern Michigan, the PTR-LIT successfully quantified isoprene, total monoterpenes, and isomeric isoprene oxidation products methyl vinyl ketone and methacrolein at sub-parts per billion (nmol/mol) levels in a complex forest atmosphere. The utility of the fast time response of the PTR-LIT was shown by the measurement of rapid changes in isoprene, methyl vinyl ketone, and methacrolein, concurrent with changing ozone mole fractions. Overall, the PTR-LIT was shown to be a viable field instrument with the necessary sensitivity, selectivity, and time response to provide detailed measurements of BVOC mole fractions in complex atmospheric samples, at trace levels.

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Selected PTR-MS related Reviews

F. Biasioli, C. Yeretzian, F. Gasperi, T. D. Märk: PTR-MS monitoring of VOCs and BVOCs in food science and technology, Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30 (7) (2011).

J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. Karl, G. Eerdekens, C. van der Veen, R. Fall: Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Earth's Atmosphere using Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 26 (2007), 223-257.

W. Lindinger, A. Hansel, A. Jordan: Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR–MS): on-line monitoring of volatile organic compounds at pptv levels, Chem. Soc. Rev. 27 (1998), 347-375.


Lists with PTR-MS relevant publications of the University of Innsbruck can be found here: Atmospheric and indoor air chemistry, IMR, Environmental Physics and Nano-Bio-Physics


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